Patient Information and Frequently Asked Questions

The following patient leaflets provide useful information about the different types of orthodontic treatments available. They give an idea of what to expect during your treatment as well as how to look after your teeth and orthodontic brace whilst having treatment. These leaflets have been produced by the British Orthodontic Society.

Your first visit

Orthodontic treatment

Dummy and Digit Sucking

How to keep your teeth and gums healthy


Orthodontic treatment: What are the risks?

Impacted Canines

Removable Appliances

Adult Orthodontics

Fixed Appliances


Orthodontic Mini Screws

Interproximal Reduction

Orthognathic Surgery

Please email your questions regarding orthodontics and teeth straightening to

What is Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a specialised branch of dentistry that focuses on the development of the face, teeth and jaws to achieve optimal function and aesthetics. Straight teeth results in not only a beautiful smile but a healthier one too.

Anyone can benefit from orthodontic treatment and with new innovations, leading to reduced treatment times and inconspicuous braces, an ever-increasing number of adults and children are undergoing treatment

What is the difference between a dentist and a specialist orthodontist?

A dentist is trained to carry out all aspects of dentistry and usually divides his time between these different activities.

A specialist orthodontist has undergone a further period of specialist training in orthodontics which culminated in accreditation to the specialist register at the General Dental Council.

What is a brace?

A brace is a fixed or removable appliance which is designed to correct the misalignment of your teeth or jaws.

Why do I need a brace?

You may need a brace to correct the position of your teeth or jaws.

What age should I start considering braces for my children?

This depends on the development of the teeth and jaws. Occasionally, it is beneficial to carry out treatment for children as young as 6 years old. Usually treatment is carried out on children who are 11 years of age.

My child sucks their thumb/fingers, will she need a brace?

Possibly. Of greater importance is some advice and support to help your child stop their habit. We have lots of experience in helping your child to stop.

My child has a dummy, will he need braces? When should I stop the dummy?

Ideally before the adult teeth come through. We can help you to support your child as they stop their habit.

I want straight teeth but I'm scared its going to hurt?

Fitting the brace will not hurt at all. No injections are necessary and the procedure is very straightforward.

Most people find their teeth are a little bit tender for a couple of days after their brace has been fitted, however this usually settles down within three days.

My teeth are so bad I don't think you can do anything with them.

We are always able to do something to improve the appearance of your teeth.

Will having braces affect my speech?

Some types of brace can cause a temporary change to your speech. However, this usually returns to normal within a few days.

Will I be able to close my lips over my braces?

Yes, although it will feel a little strange for a day or two.